Building your pond

By the time you seek this web page, you most probably have already built your pond.  Nonetheless, you may still have a few questions.  

Screening the pond ensures that, during heavy rains, your fish won't just swim into the neighbor's pond or get overflowed onto the hay field in the back 40.  Screening also reduces the probability of introduced species invading other streams, ditches, ponds, lakes, rivers, etc. where they may not be wanted. 

For information on building and/or screening your pond, contact the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (look in the U.S. Government listings of your telephone book).  NRCS formerly included the USDA Soil Conservation Service and USDA Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service.  Although their mission has changed somewhat with their change in name, they have a number of publications on pond construction and can provide limited technical expertise.

In some cases, building a pond may require a Fill & Removal Permit if it is built within an existing wetland (contact the Oregon Division of State Lands) or  water right or reservoir right (contact Oregon Department of Water Resources).  You will need to research these requirements, if any, as they pertain to your unique situation.

If you are still in the design stages of your pond, why not include an island or two?  They make wonderful habitat for nesting waterfowl, and you may soon find that you are enjoying not only fish, but perhaps a pair of Canada geese and their fledglings!  Islands can also provide protected habitat for pond turtles.

If you are building a pond using a liner, it is important to provide plants to utilize fertilizer from the fish, to provide pond structure, to create shade and reclusive areas. and provide safe areas for young fry and fingerling.  One concept is to introduce floating islands.  Another is to use potted plants, such as water lily.  Plan for inclusion of potted plants in your design phases.